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State Formation and the Establishment of Non-Muslim Hegemony

State Formation and the Establishment of Non-Muslim Hegemony
Post-Mughal 19th-century Punjab

First Edition
  • Rishi Singh - School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, UK

May 2015 | 248 pages | SAGE India

Explores one of the most crucial factors leading to the non-Islamic paradigm in the political and social fabric of Punjab—the emergence of a Sikh ‘space’ from the time of advent of the gurus.

This book examines the Punjab state under Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his rightful domination over the majority Muslim subjects.

The conversion of Punjabis both from Hindu and Muslim backgrounds to Sikhism began to create problems for the Muslim elites in Punjab, even though Muslim and Sikh leaderships engaged with each other. The book traces how Ranjit Singh derived legitimacy from Muslim subjects in five crucial areas of governance: religion, justice, army, agrarian policy and the formation of new Muslim elites.

Emergence of Sikh Space and Contesting Religious Identities
Emergence of Sikh Hegemony and Its Legitimacy Over Muslim Elites in 18th-century Punjab
The Process of Change: From Muslim Elites to Non-Muslim Elites in 19th-century Punjab
State Formation: The Issue of Legitimacy among Muslim Subjects

This work paves the way for further research into social transformation in pre-colonial India that has been ignored…and offers an alternative approach to examination of historical events in other regions of India. This kind of research on the experience of religious accommodation also offers useful methodological guidance on re-examining both oppressive and tolerant regimes...

South Asia Research,
Volume 37(Issue 1), February 2017

The book is quite useful in understanding the society, polity and to an extent, the economy of post-Mughal Punjab. The narrative is lucid and coherent…the volume does make an interesting read about the evolution of identities, the processes of social change and the state’s formation in post-Mughal Punjab. The book significantly adds to our understanding about the shaping of the regional identity of Punjab.

Social Change,
Vol 46 (Issue 4), December 2016

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ISBN: 9789351500759